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Knee Replacement Surgery

Overview

Knee Replacement Surgery in Mumbai, India

Knee or Knee Joint:

The knee is a large and complex joint in our body. The knee connects the thigh bone called fumer to the shin bone called tibia. The small bone that goes alongside adjacent to the shinbone and the kneecap called patella are the other bones that make a knee joint. Tendons join the knee bones to the leg muscles that move a knee joint. Ligaments connect the knee bones and get stability to the knee.

A knee joint is the hinged kind synovial joint, which largely enables bending and stretching of the bones. The knee is one of the most stressed joints in the human body. It is also the largest joint, important for movement and vulnerable to injury. According to a study, Knee is the most known injured joint in the body, around 2.5 million sports-related injuries are accounted every year. For such injuries, top Knee replacement surgeon in Mumbai, India are available.

We at Dr. L H Hiranandani Hospital Powai, Mumbai provide the best knee replacement treatment and Knee Ligament injury treatment. We have a team of a highly-trained and experienced Knee replacement surgeons in Mumbai, India. Our team is completely dedicated to providing the best orthopaedic treatment and surgeries.

 

Knee Replacement Surgery in Mumbai, India:

Knee replacement surgery in Mumbai, India is also known as Knee arthroplasty or total knee replacement surgery. It is a medical procedure to resurface a damaged knee by arthritis. The parts made up of metal and plastic are used to cap the end of the bones that connect the knee joint, along with the kneecap. This medical procedure is renowned for people suffering from arthritis or a severe knee injury.

Numerous types of arthritis may affect the knee joint. Osteoarthritis, a degenerative joint problem that is most commonly seen in middle-aged and older people, may result in the breakdown of joint cartilage and adjacent bone in the knees. Rheumatoid arthritis, which can result in inflammation of the synovial membrane and cause extreme pain and inflexibility to the knee joint. One of the most known types of arthritis, Traumatic arthritis may cause cartilage of the knee to be hard.

Our aim at Dr. L H Hiranandani Hospital is to resurface the parts of the knee joint replacement treatment in Mumbai, India. Being the best orthopaedic hospital in Mumbai, our top knee placement experts help to increase mobility and reduce pain in people who have an injured arthritic knee joint. Studies prove, after having a knee replacement surgery more than 90 percent of people experience less pain and better mobility in their knee.

 

Knee Replacement Surgery Process in Mumbai, India:

Knee replacement surgery needs a patient to stay in the hospital. Such procedures may vary based on a patient's condition and the surgeon's practice. Knee replacement surgery is commonly performed while the patient is relaxed under regional anesthesia. The anesthesiologist discusses the modalities. The patient is made fully aware of the effect of anesthesia, subsequent postoperative pain, and its management. Following is the process of a Knee ligament injury treatment or Knee Replacement Surgery in Mumbai, India:

  • Knee Incision
  • Revolving the Kneecap
  • Making the thighbone ready
  • Implanting the femoral Component
  • Making the Shinbone Ready
  • Applying thee Tibial component
  • Re-adjusting the Patella
  • Concluding the Procedure

1. Creating Knee Incision:

The Knee Replacement Surgeon in Mumbai, India creates an incision around the front of the knee to get access to the patella, often referred to as the kneecap. Traditionally, the incision is around 10 inches long. In minimally invasive knee surgery is performed in the hospital, the incision is around 4 to 6 inches long.

2. Revolving the Kneecap

In the initial stage of the surgery patella (kneecap) is exposed and the surgeon rotates the patella outside the knee region. This enables a surgeon to view the region required to perform the surgical procedure.

3. Making the thighbone ready:

The first bone a surgeon will resurface is the femur, also known as the thighbone. After the surgeon has opened up and exposed the knee joint, the surgeon will closely measure the bones and makes the right cuts using special instruments. The hospital has the most advanced computer navigation system that ensures highly accurate cute to be made. The injured portion and cartilage from the end of the femur is cut away.

4. Implanting the femoral Component:

The edge of the femur is cut and resurfaced to set the first part of the artificial knee, the femoral component. The surgeon fixes the metal femoral component to the edge of the femur and uses bone cement to fix its places.

5. Making the Shinbone Ready:

The next bone a surgeon resurfaces is the tibia also known as shinbone. The surgeon detaches the injured bone and cartilage from the top of the shinbone and later shapes the bone to set the metal and plastic tibial component.

6. Applying the Tibial component:

The lower region of the implant, known as the tibial tray, is fixed into place using the bone cement. After the tray is fixed, the surgeon will snap in a medical-grade plastic (polyethylene) insert to fix it between the tibial tray and the femoral component, and works as a type of buffer. This insert will help to support a body as it bends and flex the knee.

7. Re-adjusting the Patella:

Before placing the patella to its right position, the surgeon requires to flatten patella and fix it with an additional plastic component to secure a right fit with the rest of the implant. The plastic may be cemented to the underlying bone.

8. Concluding the Procedure:

The Knee Replacement surgeon in Mumbai, India will bend and flex the knee joint to make sure that the implants are working right, and that alignment, sizing, and positioning are done correctly. To end the procedure, the surgeon will end the incision with stitches or staples, and later bandage it and prepare the patient for recovery. The patient might leave the operating room with a leg in a continuous passive motion (CPM) machine that will smoothly bend and flex the new knee for some period.

9.All cutting and accurate alignment can be performed by the most advanced computer navigation equipment.

 

Preparation for Knee Replacement Surgery in Mumbai, India:

An Orthopaedic expert will explain to you the complete procedure and provide you an opportunity to ask any sort of question that you would like to know about the procedure.

A consent form is signed by the patient which gives the Orthopaedic surgeon's permission to do the procedure. It is important to read the form carefully and ask questions if certain things are not clear.

A full-body physical examination is done before the procedure to ensure a patient is healthy to undergo the surgical procedure. The patient might have to give blood tests or other diagnostic tests.

Patients are required to share information if they are sensitive to or are allergic to any medication. Also, inform your Orthopaedic doctors in Mumbai about all prescribed and medications and herbal supplements that you consume. The patient is asked to avoid food eight-hour before the procedure, normally after midnight. The patient will be provided a sedative before the procedure. A physical therapist will consultant to discuss rehabilitation, before and also after the surgical procedure.

 

Post Knee Replacement Surgery in Mumbai, India:

After getting discharged from the hospital, it is important to have the surgical area clean and dry. Orthopaedic doctors in Mumbai provide some bathing instructions to the patient, patient's family and caretaker. The stitches or surgical staples will be detached during a follow-up meeting. To reduce the swelling, Orthopaedic Doctors in Mumbai doctors suggest to elevate leg or apply ice to the knee. Pain reliever for soreness is also recommended by doctors. Aspirin or certain other medications could increase the chance of bleeding and it is better to follow Orthopaedic surgeon's advice.

The patient has to report to the doctor if there is a case of fever, redness, swelling, bleeding, or other drainages. Also, increased pain around the incision site.

The patient can resume a normal diet after receiving the doctor's permission. Driving should be completely avoided under such circumstances. Other hyper activities should be avoided. Full recovery can take around 4 to 6 months or up to an entire year for complete recovery depending upon the general condition of the patient.

 

Types of Knee Replacement Surgery:

There are four prime types of Knee replacement surgeries in Mumbai, India and they are:
  • Total Knee Replacement (TKR)
  • Partial Knee Replacement (PKR)
  • Minimally Invasive Knee Replacement (MIS)
  • Revision Knee Replacement

 

Total Knee Replacement (TKR):

The total knee replacement is a method of medical treatment for a damaged knee. Total Knee Replacement Surgery involves the replacement of both sides of the patient's knee joint. The surgeon removes complete weight-bearing and affected knee cartilage and bone. The surgeon replaces it with a handmade metal or plastic quality prosthetic joint that replicates the knee function.

Partial Knee Replacement (PKR):

Partial knee replacement is also known as Uni Compartmental Knee replacement is an option if certain part or compartment of the knee joint is completely damaged. In Partial knee replacement, the orthopaedic doctors in Mumbai, India removes the arthritic region of the knee such as the bone and cartilage. Replacing it with metal or plastic made components. This knee replacement surgery is common among people below the age of 65.

Minimally Invasive Knee Replacement (MIS):

Minimally Invasive Knee Replacement requires specialized surgical techniques that allow a 3 to 5-inch incision. Minimally Invasive Knee Replacement helps in reducing trauma to tissues, lowering pain, and reducing blood loss-consequently speeding recovery. The incidence now has increased in performing Minimally Invasive Knee Replacement. However, it may not be suitable for all.

Revision Knee Replacement:

Revision knee replacement is eliminating and resurface a prosthetic knee joint that is damaged or that is affected. It can be performed multiple times. But due to scar tissue formation future surgeries can be difficult. With each replacement surgery.

 

Benefits of Knee Replacement Surgery in Mumbai, India:

Dr L H Hiranandani is one of the most technologically advanced hospitals in the country which makes it the best orthopaedic hospital in Mumbai, India. As India is one of the top medical hubs for countries across the world, we have the best team of Orthopaedic surgeons in India. There are numerous benefits for knee replacement surgery in the country. The two prime benefits of a Knee ligament injury treatment or knee replacement surgery in Mumbai, India are:

  • In a knee replacement surgery, a Knee replacement surgeon in Mumbai, India removes the damaged surfaces of the joint and resurface them with the plastic or metal made implants. This surgery reduces the pain because the damaged cartilage and bone are no longer there.
  • Another prime benefit of knee replacement surgery is its great number of results. Many patients every year undergo knee replacement surgery and they can walk more easily. Many are even able to play sports and ride bikes.

 

Why Dr L H Hiranandani Hospital for Knee Replacement Surgery in Mumbai, India:

Dr L H Hiranandani is one the most renowned multi-specialty tertiary and quaternary care hospital in the country. We are the best Orthopaedic hospital in Mumbai, India and our team of top Orthopaedic Surgeons are committed to providing the best orthopaedic treatment of global standards. We have handled from simplest to the most complex knee cases, at our hospital. We are equipped with the top medical equipment for providing the best orthopaedic care in the country.