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Five Tips for Asthma Patients for This Diwali and Winter

24/10/2019

Five Tips for Asthma Patients for This Diwali and Winter

Asthma is a well-known inflammatory condition of the airway that affects people around the world of all ages and groups. This could create a human and economic obligation on a person’s family. Asthma is a major medical problem in India.

According to a study, there are more than 300 million asthmatic patients worldwide and India covers 1/10th of that population. A review analysis of 15 epidemiological proves that the prevalence of asthma among children was around 7.25%. In the past decade, the prevalence of childhood asthma has carried on to grow in the Indian subcontinent.

Asthma can have a genetic predilection, however, the new increasing numbers in the asthma patient is a major concern for doctors across the country. Experts have blamed numerous causes such as from allergies and environmental pollution.

After an excess of monsoon rains, Diwali and winters are around the corner, and since the past so many years it has been like a nightmare situation for asthmatic and other respiratory disorders. With high levels of pollution already making the quality of the air we breathe, poor, the smoke and particulate matter during Diwali make things worse.

While we cannot avoid this pollution, but we can prepare ourselves to reduce its impact. Few tips which you keep in mind & keep aware of everyone in the surroundings.

Prepare in Advance

If you are prone to any breathing ailments, which can get aggravated, then check with your doctor if he recommends increasing the dosage/frequency of his medication. Consider nebulization, too, after consulting your doctor. Speak to your doctor and have an asthma action plan made by him.

Monitor Peak Expiratory flow rate

Peak flow meters measure your peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR), a number that correlates with how open the lung's airways are; as asthma worsens and the airways narrow, the PEFR decreases. Consult your doctor on how to use a peak flow meter. Monitoring can help to determine the most appropriate asthma treatment plan.

Stay Indoors

During evening times, air pollution worsens, so avoid going out or else if necessary use the N95/N99 mask for your protection.

Steer Clear of Dust

It is a common practice for people to clean their houses before Diwali. Unfortunately, the cleaning process can stir up the dust mites and release them into the surrounding air. Inhalation of such particles by sensitized people can lead to an asthma attack and symptoms such as sneezing, cough, and wheezing. Take care to stay out of a room when it is being vacuumed or swept to avoid triggering an attack.

Avoid alcohol and smoking

They are known to trigger asthma attacks and it is more dangerous during festive season like Diwali.

With these tips, you can ensure a secure and flourishing Diwali for you and your family. In this festival of lights, lamps, and sweets it is important to avoid bursting crackers or using burning materials. If anyone in your family is suffering through breathing problems during Diwali, you can visit our doctors for a check-up. By seeing a doctor, you can avoid any medical casualty or emergency this Diwali. We wish you a very happy, safe and prosperous Diwali.

 

Dr. Swapnil Mehta

Full time Pulmonologist
DM - Pulmonary, Critical Care & Sleep Medicine.
MBBS, MD (General Medicine)
Dr L H Hiranandani Hospital, Powai, Mumbai.

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